Preparación del Examen First – Parte 1 y 2

Algunos consejos para preparar con éxito la parte oral del First

Se acerca la fecha de la próxima convocatoria y queríamos daros unos consejos que os sirvan para enfrentaros con confianza a la parte oral del examen First Certificate of English de Cambridge.

Como ya sabéis, este examen no solo evalúa la fluidez y la corrección, sino también la riqueza de vocabulario. Estos son los aspectos que tienen en cuenta los examinadores: Grammar and vocabulary, discourse management, interactive communication and pronunciation.

La parte oral consiste en 4 partes y dura unos 14 minutos en total, se lleva a cabo en parejas o en su defecto en grupos de 3. Hay 2 examinadores, uno que hace las preguntas mientras el segundo se centra en evaluaros.

Aquí van algunos consejos, ¡esperamos que os sirvan de ayuda!

Parte 1 – Interview (2 min.)

El examinador os hará una serie de preguntas para conoceros un poco, como por ejemplo, de dónde sois, vuestras aficiones, familia, estudios/trabajo, etc.

En esta parte del examen se tendrá en cuenta cómo utilizáis el idioma con fines sociales, presentar a alguien y preguntar preguntas sobre vosotros.

Preguntas ejemplo:

Q: Where are you from? ***
Q: Tell me something about your family.
Q: What did you enjoy most when you were at primary school?
Q: Do you have any plans for a holiday this year?
Q: Do you play any musical instruments?

Tips!

Giving full answers to the examiner’s questions will help get the interview off to a good start.

1) Avoid giving short, uncommunicative replies.
Q: Tell me something about your family.
A: I live with my mum, dad and sister and brother. (Don’t stop there!) My sister’s younger than me and still goes to school. My brother works as a computer technician.

2) Avoid short, ‘yes’, ‘no’ answers to closed questions. (These are questions beginning ‘Have you …’, ‘Do you …’, ‘Is it …’ etc. which can be answered simply with a yes or no answer).
Q: Do you have any plans for a holiday this year?
A: Yes. (Don’t stop there!) If I get the chance I’d like to visit my friend in Germany. We haven’t seen each other for a while and I’m really looking forward to seeing him and getting to know Germany.
Q: Do you play any musical instruments?
A: No. (Don’t stop there!) We had music lessons when I was at school but I was never very good.

3) Offer examples to help you explain a statement.
Q: Why are you preparing for the FCE exam?
A: No reason really. (Don’t stop there!) I enjoy learning English and I think it would be good to have a qualification to show my level.

 


 

Parte 2 – Long Turn (3 min.)

En esta parte del test, se os evaluará vuestra habilidad para hablar durante un espacio de tiempo sin interrupción, describir, comparar y contrastar, y comentar sobre un tema en particular.

El examinador mostrará una serie de fotografías y se pide al candidato A que hable de ellas sin interrupción durante 1 minuto. Al final se le pide al candidato B que responda una pregunta sobre esas fotografías. Una vez ha terminado, el proceso se hace a la inversa: se le pide al candidato B que comente otro set de fotografías y cuando acaba, se le hace una breve pregunta al candidato A.

Actividad de ejemplo

The interview will begin with the examiner saying something like:

Q: In this part of the test I’m going to give each of you two photographs. I’d like you to talk about your photographs on your own for about 1 minute and also to answer a short question about your partner’s photographs.
Q: (Candidate A), here are your photographs. They show people participating in sporting activities.
Q: I’d like you to compare the two photographs and say why sport is important to people.
Q: All right?

climbing

Flickr.com

Skater 1

Flickr.com

Notice there are TWO instructions here: first to ‘compare’ the two photographs and also ‘to say why’ sport is important to people. In Part 2 candidates need to show they can compare but also give an opinion.
The examiner will then ask Candidate B a short question about these photographs.
Q: Thank you (Candidate A). (Candidate B) which sport would you most like to try?

Candidate B will then do their long turn with a different set of photographs and at the end, Candidate A will be asked a short question.

Tips!

  1. Listen to the instructions carefully and make sure you know what you have to talk about. If you don’t understand the instructions you should ask the examiner to repeat them:
    “Excuse me, could you say that again?”
    “I’m sorry, but would you mind repeating that?”
  2. The question will help you with the structure of your talk.
    A) Start with a general summary of the topic, but don´t DESCRIBE the photos in a lot of details:
    ‘These two photographs show people involved in a sport.’

    B) Then move on to a comparison of the two pictures, using words to help explain the comparison: 
    Both photographs were taken outside and each of the people are concentrating hard on what they’re doing. ‘The top photo shows a woman rock climbing whilst the bottom photo is of a young skating … It looks like the woman is out in the natural world whereas the boy is in a man-made skating park ….. etc.’
    C) Finally give your opinion with examples, again using signposting words and expressions to help the examiner follow your argument.
    In my opinion, sport is important for people in lots of ways. For example, it’s a way to keep fit of course, but we also meet new people and can get a lot of enjoyment from a sport … etc.’4. Practice making short one-minute talks as often as possible to get an idea for how long 1 minute feels like. Time yourself and ask a friend for feedback.

 

Ir a la parte 3 y 4 del examen First  

Fuentes: Splendid Speaking – www.splendid-speaking.com

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